When you draw conclusions, you make judgments or take a
position on a topic.  To support conclusions, readers cite
- information from the text in the form of facts and details.  
To draw conclusions in an informational text, follow these steps:

1. Look for statements in the text that support your conclusion.

2. Consider your own experience and knowledge about the topic.

3. Make a judgment based on evidence and your own knowledge.

Informational tests contain details readers can use as textual
evidence.  For example, here's a quote from "Women in Aviation" that
describes Katherine Wright, the sister of famous aviators Orville and
Wilbur Wright:

"When the world speaks of the Wrights, it must include my
sister...She inspired much of our effort."

Katherine wasn't a pilot.  However, based on this text, what
conclusion can you draw about her contribution to the Wright
Brothers' achievements?
Cite Evidence

Readers rely on more than an author's words to understand a text's
complete meaning.  Readers also draw conclusions about ideas that
are not stated (infer - read between the lines!) directly in a text.  A
conclusion is a statement of belief or a logical judgment made
based on:

~evidence stated in the text
~inferences, or guesses, made about what the text does not say
~knowledge gained from personal experience
~reasoning that connects what you know and what you read

To help you draw a conclusion, you can fill in a statement like this:

"Based on _____________________________ and ____________________________, I
believe ________________________________________________"
Example of How to Find and Organize Text Evidence
Example of How to Take Text Evidence and Organize into a Paragraph
Restate the question

Answer all parts of the question

Cite evidence to prove your answer

When High School Football Turns Deadly - Citing Text Evidence
Using the
RACE method to answer questions.

Sample:  How did Dylan Thomas die?

Restate the question.

Answer: Dylan Thomas died of a heart attack caused  
by traumatic brain injury.

Cite:  According to the article, Thomas died of cardiac
arrest.  The article explains that “while rare, when
blood vessels in the brain are damaged, there is a risk
of heart issues like stroke or heart attack.”

Explain:   Dylan initially collapses on sidelines during
a high school football game, apparently as a result of
a hit sustained during the game.
RACE Strategy Handout